2016 年 14 巻 1 号 p. 55-64
For the success of community-based natural resource management, it is important that self-governing management organizations approve the legitimacy of rights for the management of a resource. In some resource management cases, it was observed that an organization that did not have authorized institutional legitimacy was in reality still able to manage a natural resource in that region. This study focused on the grassland management of Baga'eren Gacha village in Inner Mongolia, China; moreover, an interview survey was conducted to examine the substance of legitimacy that was approved for the management of the self-governing management organization, "the Village (Gacha) Committee," and the effect of the committee's procedural fairness. These aspects show that villagers regard the common land management's economic value as most important and accept the committee as the legitimate manager based on performance evaluation. Additionally, it is suggested that the effect of procedural fairness is less than that of distributive fairness. Furthermore, we discussed the function of the committee to modulate mismatch values between the administration and the villagers.