1992 Volume 101 Issue 7 Pages 1235-1266,1399-
The Zong-Ling Suo (總領所) of the Southern Sung period was the financial and military institution, which was in charge of the commisariat for Da-jun (大軍), the force disposed on the borders of the Jin (金). There were four Zong-Ling Suo all over the country. Of them, Huai-Dong Zong-Ling Suo, located in Zhen-jiang (鎭江), was the easternmost and nearest to the capital, Lin-an (臨安), and engaged in transporting military supplies to the Da-jun of Zhen-jiang and Huai-dong Lu (淮東路). The intent of this article is to reconstruct the financial administration of Huai-Dong Zong-Ling Suo, especially in quantitative terms. The author estimates the scale of finances makes clear the quantity and distribution mechanism of money, rice, etc, and addresses several questions about this mechanism: by which circuit (lu 路); from which prefecture (zhou 州) or superior prefecture (fu 府) ; at which point of Zhen-jiang or Huai-dong the provisioing were made. Then he calculates the amount of consumption by the army. The Huai-Dong Zong-Ling Suo maintained a financial scale of 'seven hundred thousand dan (石) of rice and seven million min (緡) of money' at least up to the mid-Southern Sung period. The portion of the Autumn-tax (qiu-shui 秋税) placed at the disposal of the central government of Jiang-nan dong Lu (江南東路) or Jiang-nan xi Lu (江南西路) and the official procurement of grain (he-di mi 和糴米) of Jiang-nan xi Lu were the source of the food supply. Money was supplied by the income from the monopoly on salt and miscellaneous taxes (za-shui qian 雜税錢) from Liang-zhe xi Lu (兩浙西路), Jiang-nan dong Lu and Jiang-nan xi Lu. There were about seventy or eighty thousand soldiers in Zhen-jiang and Huai-dong. They were supplied from Huai-dong Zong-Ling Suo. As the military burden grew toward the end of the Southern Sung period, many soldiers battalions were inclined to move from Zhen-jiang to Huai-dong.