2005 年 26 巻 2 号 p. 67-74
This paper reviews the diagnosis and treatment of foreign bodies in the tracheobronchial tree of children. From 1986 to 2005, sixty-four cases were treated in the Tohoku University Hospital. According to previous reports, children under the age of three years were the most common sufferers. The most freguently found foreign bodies were peanuts, but non-organic materials were also the cause in a few cases. For the diagnosis and examination of the sites of foreign bodies, the history of aspiration and coughing attacks, weakness of respiratory sounds, chest roentgenogram f indings, and also CT scans were found to be valuable. In all cases, i t was possible to remove the foreign bodies by ventilation bronchoscopy.