2020 Volume 28 Pages 51-60
Today, the purpose of raising silkworms is to be used for edible or medical purposes, not for the purpose of producing raw silk. In addition, filature technology using mechanical machine is still being studied and developed, but the study of hand reeling filature technology is in an insufficient state. This situation limits the execution of the work due to the absence of raw silk materials in the areas where the silk textile relic are reproduced and restored or where a small quantity of multi-product raw silk is required. In this research paper, we tried to solve this problem by investigating and analyzing the filature technology using hand reeling tools through the literature left by the ancestors in Korea.
The literature on the filature reveals that the first method is to improve the storage stability of the harvested cocoons, the second is to kill the pupa of the cocoons to make the raw silk of long fibers, which is the advantage of the raw silk, the third is how to sort the cocoons before cocoon cooking, the fourth is how to cook the cocoons to soften the cocoon layer before reeling, the fifth is method to how to use what kind of water for silk reeling and how to treat the water, for cocoon cooking and reeling, the sixth is how to find the suitable reeling temperature adapted to reelable cocoons and un-reelable cocoons. We found that the filature methods have been done scientificaly from old days.