産業学会研究年報
Online ISSN : 1884-1015
Print ISSN : 0918-7162
ISSN-L : 0918-7162
論説
東日本大震災と産業復興
―中小企業の再生と支援政策―
松永 桂子
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ジャーナル フリー

2013 年 2013 巻 28 号 p. 15-27

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On March 11, 2011, Tohoku Area was hit by one of the most powerful earthquake. Many enterprises were affected by the earthquake and tsunami, which disrupted production activity and caused serious damage to the agriculture, forestry, and fishery industries. The purpose of this paper is to report the small and medium-sized enterprises situation and the supporting policy of two years after the Great East Japan Earthquake.
Some SMEs supported by another company in the same industry were resumed. The national and local government has helped with the expenses for reconstructing new factories. And also the government has constructed a lot of the temporary plants and stores. The Maintenance Project of Temporary Plants and Stores is administered by SMRJ (Small & Medium Enterprises and Regional Innovation, Japan) to arrange temporary and stores so that SMEs can quickly resume business operations. This rapid action was important step toward industrial recovery, considering how local SMEs support local economy and employment. Most of temporary stores have been placed near temporary housing, where some managers have built a local community with local residents.
While conditions in the affected regions remain severe, some SMEs are managing to rebuild with support from the communities and by creating new business. It is hoped that SMEs based on the local demand will be able to use their potential to play an important role in identifying local needs and contributing to town development.

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© 2013 産業学会
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