心理学評論
Online ISSN : 2433-4650
Print ISSN : 0386-1058
特集:こころの多様な現象 「精神疾患」の基礎的研究の現在
こころの多様な現象としての共感性
米田 英嗣間野 陽子板倉 昭二
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ジャーナル フリー

2019 年 62 巻 1 号 p. 39-50

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This paper reviews the role of empathy in autism spectrum disorders and psychopathy. Empathy can be subdivided into two categories: cognitive empathy (i.e., the ability to identify the emotions of others) and affective empathy (i.e., the ability to share or match the emotions of the self with those of others). Individuals with autism spectrum disorders lack cognitive empathy, whereas individuals with psychopathy lack emotional empathy. The similarity hypothesis states that people empathize with other people who are similar to themselves in personality and in conditions such as developmental disorders or typical development. The similarity hypothesis predicts that individuals with autism spectrum disorders would emotionally empathize with other people with autism spectrum disorders, and individuals with psychopathy would cognitively empathize with other people with psychopathy. Finally, we attempted to interpret autism spectrum disorders and psychopathy as resulting from the neurodiversity of empathy.

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© 2019 心理学評論刊行会
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