Combined Use of TRMM/PR and Disdrometer Data to Correct Reflectivity of Ground-Based Radars
Masaki KatsumataTomoki UshiyamaKunio YoneyamaYasushi Fujiyoshi
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Volume 4 (2008) Pages 101-104

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A procedure to correct the reflectivity data from multiple radars is proposed. The TRMM/PR (Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission satellite/Precipitation Radar) is used as the standard calibrator. The data from a disdrometer is also used to account for the effects of rain attenuation at short wavelengths. The procedure is evaluated in the case of oceanic rain observed in MISMO (Mirai Indian Ocean cruise for the Study of the MJO-convection Onset), in which two radars were deployed; a C-band shipborne radar and an X-band ground-based radar.
On the C-band radar, the traditional corrections for the factors such as rain attenuation, second-trip echos, shadows by obstacles, and noise, result in reflectivity data which closely matches that of the TRMM/PR. For the X-band radar, iterative matching to the TRMM/PR worked effectively to correct the reflectivity, with the aid of the disdrometer data to reflect the attenuation by the rain in the vicinity of the radar. The corrected reflectivity from both radars well matches that of TRMM/PR with negligible biases and reduced deviations.

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© 2008 by the Meteorological Society of Japan
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