2021 Volume 54 Issue 3 Pages 32-43
This paper explores how work engagement (WE) affects employees’ family lives. Drawing on Conservation of Resources Theory, the paper investigates how three dimensions of WE—vigor, dedication and absorption—differentially influence family time squeeze (FTS) for dual-career employees.
As we had expected, vigor reduced FTS, while absorption increased FTS after controlling for hours of overtime, suggesting that the amount of work does not necessarily explain the negative effects of WE. As to moderating effects, gender did not moderate the relationships between all three dimensions of WE and FTS. The effects of vigor and dedication on FTS were stronger when the quality of family relationships was high. This implies that amicable personal relations at home increase the positive effect of WE on FTS. The effect of dedication on FTS was weaker when the quality of family relationship was high, indicating that family relations buffer the negative impact of dedication. While the vast majority of past studies focused on the positive effect of WE, this study reveals the presence of both positive and negative effects of sub-dimensions of WE as well as the moderating effect of family relationship.