2012 年 56 巻 3 号 p. 87-102,185
The purpose of this paper is to examine how the media played a role in constructing the representation of the “Autonomy of music” through modern European society. We shall consider the case of a music magazine, which was the main medium of music criticism in its day, and analyze reviews of Beethoven in a German music magazine: Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung (AmZ). Concentrating on Beethoven enables us to reveal how the mechanism of the “Autonomy of music” was first generated, from the viewpoint of the media. First, we give an explanation of AmZ and the social background at the time when it was published and when it had great influence in German-speaking areas. Next, we analyze in detail the function AmZ served, by examining the discourse of its reviews of Beethoven. A paradoxical aspect of the magazine is pointed out from this analysis. That is, AmZ served a function as a mediator between the public and music or musicians when the music was publicized and commercialized; however, through this behavior, it came to represent the distance between them and to find great value as art on the ground of that very distance. Finally, applying the discussion to this result, we conclude that what can be seen here is the paradoxical dynamism whereby the mediatory behavior awakes distance rather than connection between two objects, while in this manner the music magazine as a medium made a contribution to the construction of the “Autonomy of music”. The intent of this paper is to propose a new idea in the sociological consideration of knowledge of the representation of the “Autonomy of music”, and thus to help the further development of the sociology of classical music.