2013 年 57 巻 3 号 p. 21-37,197
The meaning of the statement, “sexual assault disintegrates personality” wasinvestigated from the perspective of Goffman’s sociology. Psychological and psychiatric studies have indicated that survivors of sexual assaulttend to suffer trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The effects of socialnorms on the survivors of sexual assault have also been discussed sociological studies.In societies that have male-dominated sexual norms, women suffering sexual assaulttend to be stigmatized. Some sociologists have argued that behind such negativeperspectives, there is a “sexuality-personality principle,” a norm that associates sexualitywith the personality; if this connection is broken, the survivors can be relieved of theirtrauma. Others have argued that sexual assault actually disintegrates the personality,and maintaining and reinforcing a “sexuality-personality principle” is important in orderto resist sexual assault. The discussion of the validity of identifying sexuality withpersonality was named as an argument about “sexuality-personality” in the presentstudy. However, this argument is an insufficient means of resisting sexual assault, and itcould trivialize survivors’ problems. This study focused on the stigma of the survivors ofsexual assault and examined the meaning of the statement, “sexual assault disintegratespersonality” from a sociological perspective. The results indicated that this statementimplies that sexual assault inevitably makes the social relationships of the survivorsunstable and continues to demand changes which put the survivors in uncomfortablesurround.