2014 年 3 巻 2 号 p. 151-156
Evaluation methods of superoxide scavenging capacity have been studied by many researchers. One of the methods is a spin- trapping electron spin resonance (ESR) technique, in which 5,5-diemthyl-1-pyrroline 1-oxide (DMPO) was usually used as a spin-trapping reagent. In previous reports, the evaluation method based on a competition reaction and spin-trapping ESR technique were proposed. However, a big key issue and unavoidable problem remained in this evaluation. This is the rapid decrease of DMPO-O2- adduct by the following chemical reactions. Therefore, the initial signal intensity of DMPO-O2- has to be estimated with an approximation from a decreasing curve. This approximation, however, includes at least a thirty-second time lag before starting an ESR measurement. So, the measurement of a shorter time lag is required to obtain a more accurate initial intensity of DMPO-O2- adduct. In this study, the pseudo flow-injection ESR method using a peristaltic pump was adopted to inject the test solution directly into a quartz cell in ESR cavity. This method achieved a 10 times shorter time lag (ca. 3 seconds) compared with the previous method (ca. 30 seconds) using a hematocrit capillary. As a consequence, the initial signal intensity within 10 % error was obtained without any estimation. The second-order rate constants of the reaction between various phenolic compounds and superoxide were obtained as one of the applications of this method.