2010 Volume 25 Pages 7-13
Organizational justice consists of (1) distributive justice: referring to the justice of decision outcomes, (2) procedural justice: referring to the justice of the processes that lead to decision outcomes, and (3) interactional/relational justice: referring to the polite and considerate treatment of individuals by supervisors. In the European countries, several studies have reported that low organizational justice (especially, low procedural justice or low interactional justice) is associated with physical disorders (e.g., cardiovascular morbidity and mortality), mental disorders (e.g., depression), sickness absence, and health risk behavior (e.g., drinking and smoking). On the other hand, in Japan, research on the relationship between organizational justice and its health effect has just begun and is still limited. This article introduces the concept and measuring method of organizational justice as well as domestic and overseas research trend on the relationship between organizational justice and its health effect.