2020 年 9 巻 1 号 p. 203-208
The authors discuss what criterion should be applied to evaluate the quality of research papers. Some papers are praised for their rigorousness or accuracy, while others are praised for their creativity or originality. To make a meaningful discussion about the criterion to apply normatively, we develop two mathematical models to illustrate the methods researchers use to evaluate the qualities of papers. Perfect-model places more significance on rigorousness or accuracy of papers, while Hot-model places more emphasis on creativity or originality. Through examining these models, we hypothesize a relationship between the criterion researchers apply and the effects of academic contribution to socio-democratic impacts or the soundness of academic community and its development. Finally, the implications for both building a sound and intellectually, active, academic community and accumulating knowledge in the foremost caveat of valuable scholarly and social progress are introduced.