1993 Volume 79 Issue 2 Pages 180-186
Control of the free aluminum concentration in a hot dip galvanizing bath is of great importance for producing galvannealed steel sheets. Since aluminum has much greater affinity for oxygen than zinc, the oxygen potential of Zn-Al-O bath may be determined only by the following equilibrium reaction ;
Al2O3(s)=2Al (in Zn)+ 3O (in Zn) when the aluminum concentration in the bath is relatively low. Aluminum sensor based on the emf method using the zirconia solid electrolyte has been deviced by utilizing the above equilibrium relation.
In this paper, emf measurements have been carried out in Zn-Al-O baths having aluminum concentration of 0.020.50mass% under an air atmosphere by using some of the most appropriate combinations of zirconia solid electrolyte and liquid reference electrode for Zn-O baths.
From the analysis of such emf values at temperatures between 450500°C, the following relationships between aluminum concentration and cell emf for two reference electrodes were obtained ;
E/mV=57.19ln [Al]/mass%+506.4, 0.02≤[Al]/mass%≤0.30 (In-In2O3 as ref. electrode)
E/mV=68.27ln [Al]/mass%+270.4, 0.05≤[Al]/mass%≤0.20 (Zn-ZnO as ref. electrode)
The external AC voltage applied on these sensors immediately after immersion into the bath showed to be effective to their responsibility and stability. The possibility of the present aluminum sensor has been ascertained experimentally.