2006 Volume 92 Issue 12 Pages 961-966
A mathematical model is developed to quantify the effect of operation conditions and casting strategy on residual amount of slag and metal in hearth. The model is validated by a physical scale model experiment. Calculated results show that the residual amount of slag increases in proportion to the square of production. The effect of hearth permeability on the residual amount of slag is larger than slag viscosity. Then high permeability is necessary under high productivity operation condition. Although a load is not small, increasing tapping rod diameter and shortening cast duration are the effective way to decease maximum slag level. High durability filling mud is necessary to keep cast duration.