Trends in Glycoscience and Glycotechnology
Online ISSN : 1883-2113
Print ISSN : 0915-7352
MINIREVIEW
The Metagenome Approach: A New Resource for Glycosidases
Tomohiko Matsuzawa
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2019 Volume 31 Issue 178 Pages E15-E20

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Abstract

Glycosidases play vital roles in the degradation of oligo- and polysaccharides. To date, many glycosidases have been isolated from microorganisms, plants, and animals, and have been used in industrial applications. Although microorganisms are important resources of novel and useful glycosidases, we are currently unable to culture most microorganisms in the laboratory. The metagenomic approach, which is a culture-independent method used to obtain genomic information regarding environmental microorganisms, is a powerful tool for the isolation of genes encoding novel glycosidases from microorganisms. This review introduces unique characters and biotechnological applications of β-glucosidases and a β-xylosidase/α-L-arabinofuranosidase isolated with the metagenomic approach.

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© 2019 FCCA (Forum: Carbohydrates Coming of Age)
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