The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-3329
Print ISSN : 0040-8727
ISSN-L : 0040-8727
Regular Contributions
Role of Mitochondrial NADH Shuttle System in Acute Amylase Secretion by Acetylcholine from Mouse Pancreatic Acinar Cells
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2002 Volume 198 Issue 3 Pages 151-162


Using the mice that lack mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (mGPDH), a rate limiting enzyme of the glycerol-phosphate NADH shuttle, we investigated the role of the NADH shuttle system in amylase secretion in response to acetylcholine (ACh) in pancreatic acinar cells. The pancreatic acinar cells of mGPDH-deficient mice were not different in histology and immunohistochemistry from those of wild-type mice. In both types of pancreatic acinar cells from wild-type and mGPDH-deficient mice, ACh similarly potentiated amylase secretion, measured in 30 minutes after the ACh stimulation. A 30 minutes pre-treatment of wild-type cells with aminooxyacetate (AOA), an inhibitor of aspartate aminotransferases of the malate-aspartate NADH shuttle, did not change the rate of ACh-induced amylase secretion, measured in the following 30 minutes. In also mGPDH-deficient cells treated with AOA, thus in this situation all mitochondrial NADH shuttles being dysfunctioning, ACh induced amylase release in a similar amount to that in AOA-untreated cells. The basal levels of intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), the ACh-stimulated levels of [Ca2+]i and Ca2+ oscillation patterns in response to ACh were similar in wild-type and mGPDH-deficient cells, and the AOA-treatment did not affect these [Ca2+]i responses. The levels of intracellular concentration of ATP before and during stimulation with ACh were similar in wild-type and mGPDH-defficient cells. In only AOA-treated mGPDH-deficient cells, the level of ATP decreased after the ACh stimulation. These results suggest that acute response of amylase secretion to ACh from mouse pancreatic acinar cells does not require simultaneous functioning of the mitochondrial NADH shuttle system, although the supply of intracellular ATP decreases during the ACh stimulation.

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© 2002 Tohoku University Medical Press
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