2014 年 29 巻 1 号 p. 137-147
Methods of statistical causal discovery that use conditional independence (CI) tests are attractive due to their time efficiency and applications to latent variable systems. However, they often suffer from worse inference results induced by statistical errors in CI tests than other approaches. We considered part of these errors to be due to statistically weak violations of a usually used assumption, called the causal faithfulness condition. We propose a causal discovery algorithm that can reduce the numbers of unnecessarily performed CI tests in this study and so provide accurate and fast inference without loss of theoretical correctness. We also introduce unreliable directions, which can reduce orientation errors caused by the locality of CI tests in the algorithm. Further, simulations are provided to demonstrate the performance of the proposed algorithm for discrete probability systems and continuous linear structural equation models.