1966 年 8 巻 2 号 p. 1-20
There are two interpretations about the agrarian problem of the seventeenth century England. One of them insists that the capitalistic leasehold farming had not yet developed so much at the Civil War. Eiichi Horie and his group prescribe in their "Studies of the English Revolution" (Igirisu Kakumei no Kenkyu, 1962) that the stage of the agricultural development of the peasant economy at that period was 'petit-bourgeois production' (sho-shohin seisan). But you should not imagine they deny the fact that the English Revolution was the political and economical turning-point of the English social formation from feudalism to capitalism. Why was the petit-bourgeois economy able to perform a Bourgeois Revolution? Because, they answer, not the peasant economy, but the seigniorial economy transformed itself into capitalist economy during the seventeenth century England. Akihiko Yoshioka, also, in his "Formation of the Landlord System" (Jinushi-Sei no Keisei, 1957) considered that the growth of the capitalistic leasehold farmers among the peasantry in the seventeenth century had been negligible. According to his interpretation, the evolution of the agrarian economy at that time should be destined as the transformation of 'the parasitic landlord' (kisei jinushi) to 'the cultivating landlord' (kosaku jinushi). The another interpretation admits the growth of the capitalistic leasehold farming among the peasantry in the second half of the sixteenth century. In other words, the practice of letting their lands (demesnes) to the capitalistic farmers grew considerably among the seigniorial landholders. This view may be considered as the orthodox theory which was built by R. H. Tawney in his famous "Agrarian Problem in the Sixteenth Century". In this article, we made efforts to ascertain the Tawney's interpretation. We conclude that the so called tripartite division had already formed fairly in English Agriculture. And that the political feature and process of English Revolution cannot be explained without the growth of capitalistic leasehold farming.