The Japanese Journal of Special Education
Online ISSN : 2186-5132
Print ISSN : 0387-3374
ISSN-L : 0387-3374
Practical Research
Examination of a Program for Teaching Social Skills Needed When Eating Out With a “Boss”: Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder
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2021 Volume 59 Issue 2 Pages 121-132


The present study reports development of a learning program for teaching social skills needed when dining out with a “boss”, and examination of the effects of the program. The participants in the study were 3 men with autism spectrum disorder (ages 23-25). The research design was a pre-post design consisting of a pre-test, intervention with the learning program, and a post-test. The learning program, which combined lectures and simulation training, consisted of 6 sessions, with 9 target behaviors. Examples of the target behaviors included “telling your boss to take the best seat” and “saying ‘excuse me' when you leave your seat.” In the simulation training, a self-management procedure was used to confirm each target behavior before the training and, after the training, for the participants to check whether they had performed the target behavior. After the intervention program, some of the target behaviors generalized from the person who had provided the training to the “boss”. This suggests the practical effectiveness of this program. However, a few of the target behaviors did not generalize. In order to promote generalization, it may be necessary to introduce a fading of the materials. The first implication for future research is the need to develop more effective learning programs for generalization, and the second is the importance of examining generalization to supervisors in actual workplaces. By studying this topic, researchers could contribute to the development of employment support for and research on the behavior of people with autism spectrum disorder.

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