The Japanese Journal of Special Education
Online ISSN : 2186-5132
Print ISSN : 0387-3374
ISSN-L : 0387-3374
Practical Research
Relationship Between Creating Meaning from Experiences at a Juvenile Training School and Recidivism: An Analysis of Questionnaires Completed at Release from a Facility for Male Juvenile Offenders
Kazuki KAMIGAKI
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2021 Volume 59 Issue 2 Pages 95-103

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Abstract

The present study investigated how juvenile delinquents experience events at juvenile training school, by examining differences between reoffenders and those who did not reoffend. Male residents (N=102) of a training school wrote essays regarding their experiences at the reformatory. Analysis of those essays showed that those juveniles who found positive meaning in their experiences at the reformatory were less likely to reoffend than those who did not. The analysis also explored ways that the delinquents had been able to fınd positive meaning in those experiences that had been painful but controllable, such as negative emotions and thoughts, versus uncontrollable ones, such as those related to environmental factors. Further research should examine whether encouraging delinquents to fınd positive meaning in their experiences in reformatories would be effective in preventing them from reoffending.

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