2008 Volume E91.C Issue 1 Pages 9-16
A transverse magnetic (TM) plane wave is diffracted by a periodic surface into discrete directions. However, only the reflection and no diffraction take place when the angle of incidence becomes a low grazing limit. On the other hand, the scattering occurs even at such a limit, if the periodic surface is finite in extent. To solve such contradiction, this paper deals with the scattering from a perfectly conductive sinusoidal surface with finite extent. By the undersampling approximation introduced previously, the total scattering cross section is numerically calculated against the angle of incidence for several corrugation widths up to more than 104 times of wavelength. It is then found that the total scattering cross section is linearly proportional to the corrugation width in general. But an exception takes place at a low grazing limit of incidence, where the total scattering cross section increases almost proportional to the square root of the corrugation width. This suggests that, when the corrugation width goes to infinity, the total scattering cross section diverges and the total scattering cross section per unit surface vanishes at a low grazing limit of incidence. Then, it is concluded that, at a low grazing limit of incidence, no diffraction takes place by a periodic surface with infinite extent and the scattering occurs from a periodic surface with finite extent.