2020 Volume E103.A Issue 2 Pages 492-501
Satellite communications (SATCOM) systems play important roles in wireless communication systems. In the future, they will be required to accommodate rapidly increasing communication requests from various types of users. Therefore, we propose a framework for efficient resource management in large-scale SATCOM systems that integrate multiple satellites. Such systems contain hundreds of thousands of communication satellites, user terminals, and gateway stations; thus, our proposed framework enables simpler and more reliable communication between users and satellites. To manage and control this system efficiently, we formulate an optimization problem that designs the network structure and allocates communication resources for a large-scale SATCOM system. In this mixed integer programming problem, we allow the cost function to be a combination of various factors so that SATCOM operators can design the network according to their individual management strategies. These factors include the total allocated bandwidth to users, the number of satellites and gateway stations to be used, and the number of total satellite handovers. Our numerical simulations show that the proposed management strategy outperforms a conventional strategy in which a user can connect to only one specific satellite determined in advance. Furthermore, we determine the effect of the number of satellites in the system on overall system performance.