IEICE Transactions on Information and Systems
Online ISSN : 1745-1361
Print ISSN : 0916-8532
Special Section on Enriched Multimedia—Potential and Possibility of Multimedia Contents for the Future—
BiometricJammer: Method to Prevent Acquisition of Biometric Information by Surreptitious Photography on Fingerprints
Isao ECHIZENTateo OGANE
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2018 Volume E101.D Issue 1 Pages 2-12

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Abstract

Advances in fingerprint authentication technology have led to it being used in a growing range of personal devices such as PCs and smartphones. However, they have also made it possible to capture fingerprints remotely with a digital camera, putting the target person at risk of illegal log-ins and identity theft. This article shows how fingerprint captured in this manner can be authenticated and how people can protect their fingerprints against surreptitious photography. First we show that photographed fingerprints have enough information to spoof fingerprint authentication systems by demonstrating with “fake fingers” made from such photographs. Then we present a method that defeats the use of surreptitious photography without preventing the use of legitimate fingerprint authentication devices. Finally, we demonstrate that an implementation of the proposed method called “BiometricJammer,” a wearable device put on a fingertip, can effectively prevent the illegal acquisition of fingerprints by surreptitious photography while still enabling contact-based fingerprint sensors to respond normally.

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© 2018 The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers
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