2014 Volume E97.D Issue 6 Pages 1411-1418
This paper presents a voice conversion (VC) technique for noisy environments based on a sparse representation of speech. Sparse representation-based VC using Non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) is employed for noise-added spectral conversion between different speakers. In our previous exemplar-based VC method, source exemplars and target exemplars are extracted from parallel training data, having the same texts uttered by the source and target speakers. The input source signal is represented using the source exemplars and their weights. Then, the converted speech is constructed from the target exemplars and the weights related to the source exemplars. However, this exemplar-based approach needs to hold all training exemplars (frames), and it requires high computation times to obtain the weights of the source exemplars. In this paper, we propose a framework to train the basis matrices of the source and target exemplars so that they have a common weight matrix. By using the basis matrices instead of the exemplars, the VC is performed with lower computation times than with the exemplar-based method. The effectiveness of this method was confirmed by comparing its effectiveness (in speaker conversion experiments using noise-added speech data) with that of an exemplar-based method and a conventional Gaussian mixture model (GMM)-based method.