2016 Volume E99.D Issue 4 Pages 979-988
Mathematical formulae play an important role in many scientific domains. Regardless of the importance of mathematical formula search, conventional keyword-based retrieval methods are not sufficient for searching mathematical formulae, which are structured as trees. The increasing number as well as the structural complexity of mathematical formulae in scientific articles lead to the necessity for large-scale structure-aware formula search techniques. In this paper, we formulate three types of measures that represent distinctive features of semantic similarity of math formulae, and develop efficient hash-based algorithms for the approximate calculation. Our experiments using NTCIR-11 Math-2 Task dataset, a large-scale test collection for math information retrieval with about 60-million formulae, show that the proposed method improves the search precision while also keeps the scalability and runtime efficiency high.