2015 年 81 巻 821 号 p. 14-00225
The objective of this study is to establish a methodology for high-speed fatigue testing, especially for resin materials, which includes fiber reinforced composites. To exert periodic stress on a material at a frequency of more than 200 Hz, a specimen was fixed as a cantilever to an electromagnetic vibrator and vibrated in its resonant frequency of the 1st bending mode by using a resonance tracking control. The shape of a specimen made of glass fiber-epoxy laminate was designed with finite element vibration analysis to obtain a resonant frequency of more than 200 Hz and a desired strain distribution for inducing fatigue damage under a certain stress level. A rise of temperature during the fatigue testing due to damping loss was estimated with a heat transfer theory and suppressed by external cooling to keep the specimen at a normal temperature. To confirm the validity of the high-speed testing, a completely reversed bending test at 1 Hz with identical specimens was also performed. Results both from testing at 230 Hz and 1 Hz were plotted on a single power-law curve in an S-N plot, which is a well-known fitting for fiber reinforced composites. This result suggests that we can evaluate fatigue strength in the high- or giga-cycle region for resin and composites in a very short time if temperature is controlled appropriately.