2019 年 85 巻 875 号 p. 18-00426
Rail corrugation is a phenomenon in which roughness patterns of approximately regular wavelengths are formed on the rail running surface by trains running, and causes the vibration and the noise. Therefore, in this paper, we analyze the amplification factor of roughness amplitude using a model that takes into consideration the interaction between the track and the vehicle, and clarify the growth mechanism and the wavelength determination mechanism of the rail corrugation. As a result of the theoretical analyses, it is indicated that the essential factors of growth of the corrugation are (1) interference of rail wave motion between the front and the rear wheels of a bogie of the vehicle, (2) anti-resonance phenomenon of the elastic support of the track system, (3) anti-resonance phenomenon of the total system of the track and the vehicle, and (4) anti-resonance phenomenon of the vehicle system. In addition, as a result of examing the rail corrugation measured on the commercial lines, it is confirmed that the causes of the corrugation occurrence are the above mentioned (1),(2) and (3) factors, and that the measured wavelengths almost agree with the theoretical values.