2020 年 86 巻 884 号 p. 19-00335
In aerial industry, to improve the mileage, workpiece such as jet engine turbine case has been lightened and thinned. However, cutting workpiece with thin-walled structure causes vibration called “chatter vibration of workpiece deformation type”. Chatter vibration affects not only processing accuracy but also wear of cutting tool. This paper describes chatter vibration generated in cutting thin-walled cylindrical workpiece. Firstly, by cutting various thickness workpieces, limit thickness and waveform of chatter vibration was investigated. In workpiece with axis length 200mm, 150mm and 100mm, vibration generation limit thickness is 16mm, 12mm and 4mm, respectively. Chatter vibration consists of sine mode vibration with node in tool position and cosine mode vibration with anti-node in tool position. Secondly, natural frequencies and natural vibration modes of the workpieces were measured. A thin-walled cylindrical workpiece has natural vibration similar to chatter vibration in frequency and vibration mode. When tool contacts workpiece, natural vibration is separate in 2 which are sine mode and cosine mode. Finally, coupling of two natural vibrations was investigated. Vibration system from thrust force to translational displacement (cosine mode) and vibration system from principal force to rotational displacement (sine mode) are coupled by two cross feedback in tool position. Cross feedback 1 is transfer characteristics from translational displacement to principal force, and cross feedback 2 is transfer characteristics from rotational displacement to thrust force. When the feedback system which consists of two natural vibration systems and two cross feedback becomes unstable, chatter vibration is generated.