Because self-healing ability can overcome the fatal weakness of ceramics, research and development of self-healing ceramics is expected as one of key technologies that can greatly expand the application of ceramics. One of the promising uses of self-healing ceramics is a sliding member. However, research on the effect of self-healing ability on tribological properties has not yet progressed. Likewise, no self-healing ceramics suitable for sliding members has been developed. To develop self-healing ceramics suitable for a sliding member, it is necessary to prove and demonstrate a new self-healing mechanism. Therefore, basic findings on self-healing ceramics will be introduced in this paper. Therefore, the paper will exhibit the research history of self-healing ceramics and the classification and mechanism of self-healing materials including self-healing ceramics. Finally, the possibility of self-healing ceramics for sliding members considered by the authors will be introduced.