2018 Volume 61 Issue 4 Pages 221-226
Scanning nonlinear dielectric microscopy (SNDM) can easily distinguish the dopant type (pn) and has a wide dynamic range of sensitivity from low to high concentrations of dopants, because it has a high sensitivity to capacitance variation on the order of 10−22 F. It is also applicable to the analysis of compound semiconductors with much lower signal levels than Si. We can avoid misjudgments from the two-valued function (contrast reversal) problem of dC/dV signals. As the extended versions of SNDM, super-higher-order SNDM, local-deep-level transient spectroscopy have been developed and introduced. The favorable features of SNDM originate from its significantly high sensitivity.