2013 年 30 巻 p. 27-44
A new kind of anti-feminist movement has developed, one that Angela McRobbie and others have labelled 'post-feminism': an attempt to fragment feminist solidarity and diminish its societal contributions. This article explores the broader significance of contemporary feminism, and presents a new paradigm of kinship based on women's relationship to the state. More specifically, it investigates the representation of women within the British suffrage movement. Joan of Arc was an icon of the British suffrage movement during the early twentieth century, and she was portrayed as a heroine in Bernard Shaw's play Saint Joan (staged in 1923, published in 1924). Simultaneously, I examine the cross-cultural taboo of incest in relation to kinship, and the concept of 'promiscuous obedience' developed by Judith Butler in Antigone's Claim: Kinship Between Life and Death. Butler and Shaw perceive Antigone and Joan respectively as women who were persecuted by the state because of their 'manly' behaviour and speech. By analysing Joan's strategies during the turbulent war, the article describes how Shaw's female protagonist attempted to defamiliarize the meaning of 'kinship'. Shaw's Joan created a new paradigm of kinship that challenged normative gender and sexual roles. Based on the conclusions of my analysis, I demonstrate that feminism continues to play a role in contemporary society.