2003 年 123 巻 3 号 p. 121-132
By October 2002, the separation of prescribing and dispensing in Japan had already been implemented for 28 years since the system was inaugurated in 1974. Although the separation rate reached 44.5% in 2001, the questions, “Is the separation necessary in Japan?” or “Has the system been working successfully?” are often heard. These questions are raised because people have not noted the advantages of the system yet, and because the separation itself has many problems or shortcomings. These questions are not only from pharmacists, but also from physicians, patients, or medical and educational institutions. If the problem concerns pharmacists, it is assumed to stem from their lack of ability required for the separation. A breakthrough for an early solution of the problem will be found in a change in education, which includes a range of clinical subjects and long-term clinical practices.