YAKUGAKU ZASSHI
Online ISSN : 1347-5231
Print ISSN : 0031-6903
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茶花(チャ,Camellia sinensis,花蕾部)の機能性サポニン:Floratheasaponin類の胃保護作用と血糖値上昇抑制作用及びHPLCを用いた定性及び定量分析
吉川 雅之王 涛杉本 幸子中村 誠宏長友 暁史松田 久司播磨 章一
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2008 年 128 巻 1 号 p. 141-151

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  As a part of our characterization studies on the bioactive saponin constituents of tea flowers (Camellia sinensis, flower buds), the methanolic extract and 1-butanol-soluble portion (the saponin fraction) from the flower buds were found to exhibit potent inhibitory effects on ethanol- and indomethacin-induced gastric mucosal lesions in rats and on serum glucose elevation in sucrose-loaded rats. Among the constituents of the 1-butanol-soluble portion, floratheasaponins A, B, and C showed gastroprotective and hypoglycemic activities. Furthermore, we have developed qualitative and quantitative methods using HPLC for the principle saponins, floratheasaponins A-F, in tea flowers, which were previously found to show antiallergic and antiobesity effects. Using those methods, the saponin composition of Indian tea flowers were found to be similar to those of Chinese (Anhui) but not of Japanese tea flowers. On the other hand, it was found that the floratheasaponin contents in tea flowers varied markedly during the blooming period, and they were abundant at half-bloom. Additionally, the contents of caffeine in the tea flowers were examined using HPLC.

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© 2008 by the PHARMACEUTICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN
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