2013 年 133 巻 4 号 p. 451-461
Recent studies revealed the importance of transporters in the behaviors of small molecules in the body. In mammals, the presence of a lot of transporters has been suggested, such as ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters and solute ligand carrier (SLC) transporters, some of which are clarified to be causative genes for various kinds of genetic disorders. In addition, a lot of transporters are known to mediate cellular import or export of drugs, to contribute to the pharmacokinetics of substrate drugs and to be involved in the interindividual differences of drug responses. In this review, I introduce our recent work on the transporter-mediated regulation of pharmacokinetics of lifestyle-related substances, such as cholesterol and urate.