2017 年 137 巻 11 号 p. 1315-1321
Two types of cell death, necrosis and apoptosis, are defined in terms of cell death morphological features. We have been studying the mechanisms by which cell death processes are switched during the treatment of mouse tumor FM3A with anticancer, 5-fluoro-2′-deoxyuridine (FUdR): it induces original clone F28-7 to necrosis, but its sub-clone F28-7-A to apoptosis. We identified several such switch regulators of cell death: heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), lamin-B1, cytokeratin-19, and activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3), by using transcriptomic, proteomic analyses and siRNA screening. For example, the inhibition of HSP90 by its inhibitor geldanamycin in F28-7 caused a shift from necrosis to apoptosis. We also observed that the knockdown of lamin-B1, cytokeratin-19, or ATF3 expression in F28-7 resulted in a shift from necrosis to apoptosis. Recently, we used microRNA (miRNA, miR) microarray analyses to investigate the miRNA expression profiles in these sister cells. The miR-351 and miR-743a were expressed at higher levels in F28-7-A than in F28-7. Higher expression of miR-351 or miR-743a in F28-7, induced by transfecting the miR mimics, resulted in a switch of cell death mode: necrosis to apoptosis. Furthermore, transfection of an miR-351 inhibitor into F28-7-A resulted in morphological changes, and mode of cell death from apoptosis to necrosis. These findings suggest that the identified cell death regulators may have key roles in switching cell death mode. Possible mechanisms involving cell death regulators in the switch of necrosis or apoptosis are discussed. We propose a novel anticancer strategy targeting the switch regulators of necrosis or apoptosis.