2017 年 137 巻 2 号 p. 141-144
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are known to be key regulators of cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion and metastatic spread. Ligand-binding to the extracellular domain triggers canonical activation of the intracellular tyrosine kinase domain. In contrast, it has become evident that RTKs are also regulated by non-canonical tyrosine kinase-independent mechanisms via phosphorylation of their serine/threonine residues. In this review, I mainly introduce our recent findings on the non-canonical regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), ErbB2 and erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular receptor A2 (EphA2), and discuss the roles of non-canonical activation of RTKs in cancer progression and resistance to targeted cancer agents. Further characterization of non-canonical regulation will contribute to the development of new target cancer therapies.