Online ISSN : 1347-5231
Print ISSN : 0031-6903
ISSN-L : 0031-6903
大岡 伸通
ジャーナル フリー

2018 年 138 巻 9 号 p. 1135-1143


 Protein knockdown technologies based on small molecules are attracting considerable attention in the pharmaceutical industry as a strategy for novel drug discovery. We and others have developed such compounds, designated as Specific and Nongenetic Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein (IAP)-dependent Protein Erasers (SNIPERs), proteolysis-targeting chimeras (PROTACs), and Degronimids, which induce selective degradation of target proteins. These compounds contain two different ligands, specific for an ubiquitin E3 ligase and for a target protein, respectively, connected by a linker. SNIPERs, PROTACs, and Degronimids are designed to cross-link E3 ligase and the target protein to induce polyubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation of the target protein within cells. To recruit the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) E3 ligase complex and the cereblon (CRBN) E3 ligase complex, a VHL inhibitor and a thalidomide derivative have been integrated into PROTAC and Degronimid constructs, respectively. Similarly, an IAP antagonist has been incorporated into SNIPERs to recruit cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein 1 (cIAP1) or X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) E3 ligase. To date, a range of such compounds have been developed, allowing selective degradation of a variety of proteins, including estrogen receptor α (ERα), oncogenic kinase BCR-ABL, and epigenetic regulator bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4). Some compounds have also demonstrated ability to degrade target proteins in vivo, suggesting that this technology is feasible for use in novel drug development.

© 2018 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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