2019 年 139 巻 6 号 p. 955-961
Reduction of corticosteroid responsiveness is one of the important clinical problems in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this study, we determined the effects of neutralization of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) on corticosteroid insensitivity in mice models of airway inflammation induced by poly(I:C) and tobacco smoke (TS) exposure. Mice (male A/J strain, 5 weeks old) were exposed to TS for 10 d, or TS for 11 d and poly(I:C) for 3 d. Anti-TNF-α antibody was intranasally treated once every other day 2 h before the TS exposure, and dexamethasone 21-phosphate (DEX) was treated 30 min before the TS or poly(I:C) exposure. On the next day of the last stimulation, mice were sacrificed. The combination treatment of DEX and TNF-α neutralization was significantly attenuated the increase of the numbers of inflammatory cells in BALF and the TNF-α mRNA expression levels induced by TS and poly(I:C) exposure, even though TNF-α neutralization alone had little effect. These data indicated that neutralization of TNF-α restores corticosteroid responsiveness. Therefore, our study suggests that targeting TNF-α signaling pathway provides a new therapeutic approach to corticosteroid refractory airway diseases.