1994 年 114 巻 5 号 p. 342-350
The fruit body of a Basidiomycete Agaricus blazei, Jun-17 (Himematsutake) was extracted with hexane and chloroform-methanol (2 : 1, v/v), and the antimutagenic effect of the extracts was examined using an Ames/Salmonella/microsome assay. Both extracts of Agaricus inhibited the mutagenicity of benzo [a] pyrene (B [a] P). The hexane extract was purified by silica gel column chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and linoleic acid was isolated as a main substance having antimutagenic activity. Fr. IIa, IIb, IIc and IIb, which reduced the number of His+ revertant colonies induced by B [a] P, were separated from the chloroform-methanol extract by silica gel column chromatography and HPLC. An antimutagenic substance in Fr. IIa was linoleic acid. From Fr. IIb, a bactericidal, not antimutagenic, substance was isolated and identified as 13-hydroxy cis-9, trans-11-octadecadienoic acid (13ZE-LOH). Antimutagenic substances in Fr. IIc and IId were not purified. The possible source and mechanism of formation of 13ZE-LOH are discussed.