1953 年 73 巻 7 号 p. 690-692
Effects of various essential oil components such as borneol, cinnamic alcohol and aldehyde, citral, citronellal, citronellol, geraniol, limonen, linalool, menthol, and terpineol, against pathogenic fungi and various bacteria were tested. In general, they were effective against fungi, fairly good against tubercle bacilli, but ineffective against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Bacillus dysenteriae. As to the structural relationship, aldehydes were generally more powerful than corresponding alcohols, especially in α, β-unsaturated compounds. Terpenes were the same either in chain or cyclic forms. Hydrocarbons had the weakest action, and the most powerful was cinnamic aldehyde which was effective against Epidermophyton in 1:128, 000 dilution.