2019 Volume 62 Issue 4 Pages 273-277
Background The present study aimed to determine whether total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) is being implemented safely and appropriately compared with abdominal total hysterectomy (ATH) in our hospital.
Methods We retrospectively reviewed clinical records of 102 patients who underwent total hysterectomy for benign gynecological disease at Japanese Red Cross Yamaguchi Hospital from January 2017 to August 2018. We examined periods of hospital stay, operation time, blood loss, weight of the uterus, frequency of perioperative complications, and the duration from the first visit to the date of surgery. P < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant indicated statistical significance.
Results TLH and ATH were performed in 55 (53%) and 47 (46%) cases, respectively. The TLH group had significantly longer total operation time [133 (82–205) min vs. 87 (57–155) min, P < 0.0001], lesser blood loss [5 (5–35) g vs. 100 (10–820) g, P < 0.0001], shorter hospital stay [7 (5–14) days vs. 10 (9–26) days, P < 0.0001], and lighter uterine weight [206 (27–658) g vs. 554 (79–2284) g, P < 0.0001] than the ATH group. The frequency of perioperative complications did not differ between the two groups (3.5% vs. 8.0%, P = 0.4103).
Conclusion TLH had a longer operation time and a lesser excised uterine weight, but it had less intraoperative blood loss, shorter hospital stay, and no difference in perioperative complication frequency when compared with ATH.