2020 Volume 63 Issue 4 Pages 313-318
Background Postoperative hearing results of type IV tympanoplasty have been shown to have poorer results than other reconstruction techniques. There are numerous reports evaluating the factors for hearing improvement. This preliminary study aimed to analyze and determine the factors that affect hearing results.
Methods A total of 80 patients who underwent type IV tympanoplasty were evaluated to participate in this study. The medical records of the candidate patients were collected retrospectively. Fifty out of the 80 recruited patients were excluded due to the following reasons: they could not be followed-up for more than a year after the final operation, their initial surgery was not performed in our department, or they needed a revision surgery. The pre-, intra-, and postoperative factors were evaluated and analyzed using EZR software. Cases were divided into two groups according to postoperative hearing results, and each factor was analyzed univariately. The explanatory variables included in the multivariate analysis were the variables that satisfied P < 0.1 in the univariate analysis. Furthermore, all cases were divided into two groups according to the qualitative variables that showed significant difference in the multivariate analysis, and the background factors were evaluated.
Results The results of univariate analysis showed P < 0.1 for ‘Age’ and ‘Material of external auditory canal (EAC) packing’. Multivariate analysis showed P < 0.05 for both. The comparison between the two packing material groups showed that the gauze group was more likely to have improved hearing than Spongel® group, and the ossicular chain condition of the gauze group was maintained better.
Conclusion ‘Age’ and ‘Material of EAC packing’ were considered to be significant factors affecting the postoperative hearing results. The selection and use of packing materials that provide stability should be considered to obtain better postoperative hearing results in type IV tympanoplasty.