2021 Volume 64 Issue 3 Pages 282-291
Background Postoperative inflammation is associated with cancer progression in several cancers. However, the prognostic significance of postoperative fever remains unclear in gastric cancer patients.
Methods We enrolled 442 patients with a histopathological diagnosis of gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent curative surgery.
Results The mean duration of postoperative fever ≥ 37°C was 8.7 days (range: 0–186 days) and significantly longer in patients with advanced gastric cancer, venous invasion, and open or total gastrectomy vs. patients with early gastric cancer (P = 0.0072), no venous invasion (P = 0.025), laparoscopic gastrectomy (P = 0.027), and either proximal or distal partial gastrectomy (P = 0.0015). Five-year overall survival rates were 69.5% vs. 83.6% in the prolonged postoperative fever group (≥ 6 days of ≥ 37°C) vs. the nonprolonged group (< 6 days of ≥ 37°C), respectively (P = 0.0008). In patients without Clavien-Dindo classification postoperative infectious complications grade ≥ 2, 5-year overall survival was 69.7% vs. 84.0% in patients with prolonged postoperative fever vs. those without, respectively (P = 0.0067). Five-year disease-specific survival was 85.9% vs. 93.1% in patients with prolonged fever vs. those without, respectively (P = 0.041). Multivariate analysis indicated that postoperative fever was an independent prognostic indicator.
Conclusion Postoperative fever ≥ 37°C duration may be useful in predicting prognosis in gastric cancer patients.