Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
Online ISSN : 1884-2836
Print ISSN : 1344-6304
ISSN-L : 1344-6304
Original Article
Cutaneous Findings of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever: a Study of 269 Cases
Fazilet DuyguTugba SariOzgur GunalSener BarutAyfer AtayFeyza Aytekin
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2018 Volume 71 Issue 6 Pages 408-412

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Abstract

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a zoonotic viral disease. We aimed to investigate the cutaneous manifestations of CCHF and reveal their associations with fatality. Two hundred and sixty-nine patients diagnosed with CCHF were assessed. Skin findings were observed in 170 (63.2%) patients. A facial rash was the most common cutaneous finding (n = 82, 30.5%). In severe cases, hemorrhagic cutaneous manifestations (petechiae and ecchymoses) were recognized. A statistically significant correlation was obtained between cutaneous manifestations and fatality, and it was determined that there was a strong positive correlation between fatality and ecchymosis (r = 567, p < 0.001). In addition, a logistic regression analysis was performed, and death occurred 4.69 times more in those with skin signs than in those without. We hypothesize that CCHF patients with ecchymosis are at the highest risk and that cutaneous findings can contribute to the prognosis of CCHF.

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