1998 Volume 51 Issue 1 Pages 43-51
The program of the National Epidemiological Surveillance of Infectious Diseases under the auspices of the Ministry of Health and Welfare started in 1981 apprehended in 1995 emergence of adenovirus type 7 in Japan. We analyzed the reported data of type 7 comparing with those of type 3, both belonging to the same subgenus B, and the following results were obtained:
After 1981, the main serotypes in the reports of adenovirus isolation/ detection were types 3, 2, and 1 in this order. The reports of isolation of adenovirus type 7 used to be extremely few,
however, suddenly increased in 1995. In 1997, reports of isolation of adenovirus type 3 decreased and those of type 7 acquired the third place after those of types 2 and 3. Type 7 infection occur almost every month, but most frequently during May-September. The ages of cases from which type 7 was isolated were 0-4 years accounting for 55%, 5-9 years 35%, teens 6.3% and adults 4.0%, being similar proportions to those yielding type 3.
Clinical diagnoses of cases yielding adenovirus type 7 were pharyngo-conjunctival fever (PCF) and influenza-like illness, these two accounting for half. The symptoms were severe, being characterized by higher maximum body temperature during the feverish period and severe pneumonia. Encephalitis and arthro-muscular pain were seen in only type 7-infected cases, although such cases were few.