Japanese Journal of Medical Science and Biology
Online ISSN : 1884-2828
Print ISSN : 0021-5112
ISSN-L : 0021-5112
TREND OF ADENOVIRUS TYPE 7 INFECTION, AN EMERGING DISEASE IN JAPAN
Shizuko YAMADERAKazuyo YAMASHITAMasae AKATSUKANobuko KATOSakae INOUYE
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1998 Volume 51 Issue 1 Pages 43-51

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Abstract

The program of the National Epidemiological Surveillance of Infectious Diseases under the auspices of the Ministry of Health and Welfare started in 1981 apprehended in 1995 emergence of adenovirus type 7 in Japan. We analyzed the reported data of type 7 comparing with those of type 3, both belonging to the same subgenus B, and the following results were obtained:
After 1981, the main serotypes in the reports of adenovirus isolation/ detection were types 3, 2, and 1 in this order. The reports of isolation of adenovirus type 7 used to be extremely few,
however, suddenly increased in 1995. In 1997, reports of isolation of adenovirus type 3 decreased and those of type 7 acquired the third place after those of types 2 and 3. Type 7 infection occur almost every month, but most frequently during May-September. The ages of cases from which type 7 was isolated were 0-4 years accounting for 55%, 5-9 years 35%, teens 6.3% and adults 4.0%, being similar proportions to those yielding type 3.
Clinical diagnoses of cases yielding adenovirus type 7 were pharyngo-conjunctival fever (PCF) and influenza-like illness, these two accounting for half. The symptoms were severe, being characterized by higher maximum body temperature during the feverish period and severe pneumonia. Encephalitis and arthro-muscular pain were seen in only type 7-infected cases, although such cases were few.

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