有機合成化学協会誌
Online ISSN : 1883-6526
Print ISSN : 0037-9980
ISSN-L : 0037-9980
総説および総合論文
共役イミンおよびイミニウム塩への付加反応を基軸とする反応の集積化
波多 慎吾清水 真
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2011 年 69 巻 10 号 p. 1134-1144

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An intriguing umpolung of the reactivity of imines possessing electron-withdrawing groups was observed. For example, N-alkylation/coupling reaction of the imines derived from glyoxylates was conducted with dialkylaluminum chloride in acetonitrile to give N-monoalkylated 1,2-diamines in good yields. On treatment of various α-imino esters with organoaluminum reagents and allyltributhyltin in the presence of benzoyl peroxide (BPO), the tandem reaction proceeded to give the N-alkylation/C-allylation products in good yields. Diethyl 2-[N-(p-methoxyphenyl)imino]malonate underwent amination reactions with alkyl Grignard reagents to give N-alkylation products in good yields. The obtained N-alkylation products were readily converted into N-alkyl-p-anisidines by the oxidative removal of the malonate moiety. In order to enhance the reactivity of imines, an iminium salt was prepared using the oxidation of amino ketene silyl acetal with 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone (DDQ), and the subsequent nucleophilic addition to this iminium species proceeded to afford α-amino esters in good yields.

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