2018 年 76 巻 6 号 p. 596-603
Activation of boronic acids or related compounds by chiral organocatalysts has emerged as efficient methods for construction of optically active organic molecules. Although several effective organocatalysts such as 3,3’-disubstituted binaphthols or thiourea derivatives have been developed to promote 1,2- or 1,4-addition to (conjugated) carbonyl compounds or imines, such reports are still limited. It is known that α-hydroxycarboxylic acids smoothly react with boronic acids to generate dioxaborolanones having high Lewis acidity. We hypothesized that the dioxaborolanone formation would prompt the activation of B-C bonds and formation of new C-C bond, and found that O-monoacylated tartaric acids (MAT) effectively catalyze 1,4-additions of boronic acids or bis(neopentyl glycolato)diboron to α,β-unsaturated ketones (enones). This article describes development and application of MAT catalysts.