2019 年 77 巻 10 号 p. 1023-1025
Cyanostar was developed as a pseudo-C5h-symmetric macrocyclic anion receptor which possesses an electropositive central cavity surrounded by five weak hydrogen-bonding donors. Cyanostar strongly binds large non-coordinating anions, such as BF4-, ClO4-, and PF6-, as 2 : 1 sandwich complexes. Addition of cyanostar to LiPF6 solution, a representative electrolyte in lithium ion battery, facilitated salt dissociation to generate free Li+ and enhanced conductivity and Li+ transference number. This finding opens new opportunity for the development of novel battery electrolytes.