1983 年 41 巻 9 号 p. 839-847
Recent studies on the one-step oxidation of benzene to phenol have been reviewed laying particularly the stress on the liquid-phase reactions. Liquid-phase oxidation can be performed using hydrogen peroxide, molecular oxygen, pyridine-N-oxide as well as irradiated water as oxidants. The variation in phenol yield due to the difference in reaction mode has been critically discussed. Vapor-phase oxidation has also been described briefly.